Congenital diseases of the kidney are renal conditions with which a child is born. These conditions are passed down through genetics. Some of the most prevalent congenital diseases of the kidney include:
The main symptoms of polycystic kidney disease (PKD) include:
Other symptoms of PKD are:
Symptoms of unilateral renal agenesis (URA) include:
Appearing in newborns, symptoms of bilateral renal agenesis (BRA) include:
Your child’s doctor can diagnose a congenital kidney disease using one or more of the following tests:
There are no cures for congenital diseases of the kidney. These conditions require lifelong monitoring and treatment. As a general rule, if your child has PKD, URA or BRA, he or she should avoid contact sports in which direct impact or trauma to the back or abdomen is likely. Your child should also follow a low-sodium diet to help with high blood pressure management.
Treatment for PKD includes:
Treatment for URA includes:
Treatment for BRA includes:
It is important that you and your child follow the treatment plan that your child’s nephrologist has recommended, which will be tailored to his or her specific condition and needs.
Visit the trusted websites below to learn more about congenital diseases of the kidney.
Riley at IU Health offers a broad range of supportive services to make life better for families who choose us for their children's care.
Visit this website to learn more about living with one kidney.
The National Kidney Foundation provides answers to common questions related to polycystic kidney disease.
Discover more in-depth information about polycystic kidney disease from the National Institutes of Health.
This National Institutes of Health website covers steps that people with one kidney can take to protect their health.
In addition to our primary hospital location at the Academic Health Center in Indianapolis, IN, we have convenient locations to better serve our communities throughout the state.
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