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Vascular malformations are benign (noncancerous) lesions. They fall under the umbrella of conditions called vascular anomalies. Unlike hemangiomas, vascular malformations do not shrink after birth. Instead, they grow at a slower more constant rate throughout life. Sometimes growth is accelerated during puberty or pregnancy.
Although these anomalies develop before birth, symptoms may not develop until a child is older.
Types of vascular malformations include:
Doctors at Riley at IU Health diagnose vascular malformations through physical examination. Diagnosis of malformations that are deeper in the skin or on internal organs may require an ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) .
Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome and Other Vascular Overgrowth Syndromes
Some children who have venous or lymphatic malformations may have significant overgrowth of the affected areas of the body. This can lead to swelling, pain and other complications. Your child’s doctor may recommend additional studies, including genetic counseling, to diagnose these syndromes.
The main treatment options for vascular malformations are:
Visit the trusted websites below to learn more about vascular malformations.
Riley at IU Health offers a broad range of supportive services to make life better for families who choose us for their children's care.
This organization provides resources on its website regarding a wide variety of vascular anomalies.
This nonprofit organization provides educational resources and support to families of children born with vascular malformations and other craniofacial conditions.
Members of the Vascular Anomalies Program at Riley at IU Health conduct clinical studies for children with vascular anomalies. Ask your child's doctor for more information about these studies.