Embolization is an interventional radiology procedure that uses special liquids, small particles and specially shaped pieces of metal called coils to block the flow of blood through abnormal or damaged blood vessels. This reduces or eliminates pain or bleeding.
Your child may need to undergo this procedure if he or she has the following:
Embolization is only done on expendable blood vessels. These blood vessels are not essential; the body can effectively circulate blood through nearby vessels. The procedure normally takes about one to two hours, including any sedation or anesthesia your child may need.
Embolization includes the following steps:
Though interventional radiology procedures have fewer risks than traditional surgeries, embolization still carries some risk. Sometimes the incision may bleed and, in rare cases, infection is possible. It is possible that the embolization liquid will migrate to a part of the blood vessel where it is not wanted. Occasionally, a child will have a combination of fever, pain and vomiting, which is called post-embolization syndrome. An allergic reaction to the contrast dye used during the procedure is also a possible but rare occurrence.
In addition to our primary hospital location at the Academic Health Center in Indianapolis, IN, we have convenient locations to better serve our communities throughout the state.