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Sarcoidosis is a chronic inflammatory condition that involves the growth of small collections of white blood cells in various parts of the body; most commonly in the lungs, lymph nodes, joints, eyes and skin. Researchers believe that the condition results from the body’s immune system responding to an unknown substance—most likely something inhaled from the air.
Sarcoidosis is a very rare condition in children. Certain factors may increase a child's likelihood for developing the condition:
The most common symptoms of sarcoidosis in children are uveitis (inflammation of the middle layer of the eye), arthritis and unexplainable rashes. Other early symptoms of sarcoidosis include:
Nearly all children affected by sarcoidosis eventually have lung problems such as:
Many children who have the condition also develop skin problems such as:
Some children with sarcoidosis have symptoms related to their eyes, including:
Sarcoidosis can be difficult to diagnose, because the condition produces few symptoms in its early stages and can affect any system in the body. In order to accurately diagnose sarcoidosis, doctors at Riley at IU Health perform one or more of the following tests:
Children who have signs and symptoms of sarcoidosis may need one or more of the following treatments:
There is no cure for sarcoidosis, but the condition often goes away on its own. However, in some patients, the signs and symptoms of sarcoidosis can last for many years and lead to organ damage.
Visit the trusted websites below to learn more about sarcoidosis.
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