Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a rare genetic condition. Children with PCD have cilia that do not work correctly. Cilia are microscopic, moving hairs that line the airways, lungs, sinuses and ears. Movement of normal cilia traps bacteria and foreign particles in the airways, lungs, sinuses and ears. The cilia movement also pushes the bacteria and foreign particles out of the lungs so that they can be coughed out, which helps prevent infection. PCD affects about 25,000 people in the U.S.
Children with PCD have difficulty coughing mucus out of their lungs. When mucus builds up in the lungs, there is increased risk of infection and lung damage.
Symptoms of primary ciliary dyskinesia include:
Children with PCD should receive regular checkups, live a healthy lifestyle and be compliant with care to maintain lung health. Although there is no cure for PCD, children with this disease can grow to live full, active lives.
PCD is difficult to diagnose because symptoms resemble other conditions such as allergies or cystic fibrosis. Diagnosis begins with the doctor meeting you and your child to obtain a complete history as well as a thorough family history that includes any family members with lung problems.
Diagnostic procedures include:
Treatment for PCD focuses on keeping your child’s lungs, ears and sinuses healthy.
Lung therapies include:
Upper airway therapies include:
Visit the following online resources to learn more about PCD.
Riley at IU Health offers a broad range of supportive services to make life better for families who choose us for their children's care.
The Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia Foundation was established to raise awareness of PCD, promote research for better treatments and find a cure for primary ciliary dyskinesia.
The Pulmonology & Respiratory Care Department at Riley at IU Health participates in research for PCD. Ask your child's doctor for more information about our current studies.
In addition to our primary hospital location at the Academic Health Center in Indianapolis, IN, we have convenient locations to better serve our communities throughout the state.