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Ovarian cysts and tumors can be common in developing fetuses and newborns. In many cases, these cysts dissolve on their own. Ovarian cysts or tumors are much less common in children and adolescents.
When ovarian cysts and masses become large, they may cause pain and discomfort, but many girls with ovarian disorders do not experience symptoms. Often, an ovarian mass is discovered during a procedure such as a computed tomography (CT) scan for some other condition.
The most common symptom of ovarian cysts and tumors is pain. Other symptoms include:
An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sack. There are different types of ovarian cysts:
An ovarian tumor is a mass or lump of cells in the ovary that can be benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous.) There are three kinds of ovarian tumors:
Advances in techniques used to diagnose ovarian disorders make it possible in many cases to treat cysts and tumors while preserving the ovaries. In about 20 percent of diagnoses, the ovarian disorder is cancerous, and the ovary or ovaries are removed.
Doctors at Riley at IU Health diagnose ovarian cysts and tumors using the following exams and tests:
Treatment options for ovarian disorders range from frequent follow-ups to monitor the disorder to surgical removal. Options include:
Visit the links below to find support groups and services and learn more about ovarian cysts and tumors.
Riley at IU Health offers a broad range of supportive services to make life better for families who choose us for their children's care.
The pediatric surgeons at Riley at IU Health participate in research on the treatment of ovarian disorders. Two of our doctors actively lead a committee of the Children’s Oncology Group, which studies the best procedures and treatments to preserve the ovaries. Speak with your child's doctor if you would like to know more about our clinical research studies.
You can read about our doctors’ research advancements:
In addition to our primary hospital location at the Academic Health Center in Indianapolis, IN, we have convenient locations to better serve our communities throughout the state.
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