Information on COVID-19
Learn more about COVID-19, information about previously scheduled appointments and what you can do to help protect your child and family. View COVID-19 information.
Riley at IU Health Facilities have implemented visitor restrictions to help minimize the spread of COVID-19, flu and other respiratory viruses. View visitor restrictions.
Information on Previously Scheduled Outpatient Appointments
To ensure the health and safety of all our patients and team members during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, we’re making adjustments to some of our outpatient appointments. View updates to outpatient appointments.
Free Virtual Coronavirus Screenings
IU Health has launched a virtual clinic to offer individuals in Indiana regardless of age free coronavirus (COVID-19) screenings. View screening details.
Información sobre el COVID-19
Obtenga más información acerca del COVID-19, incluyendo las preguntas más frecuentes y lo que puede hacer para ayudar a protegerse y proteger a su familia. Ver información del COVID-19.
Restricciones para visitantes
Las instalaciones de salud de IU Health han implementado restricciones a los visitantes para ayudar a minimizar la propagación del COVID-19, la gripe y otros virus respiratorios. Ver restricciones para visitantes.
Información sobre citas ambulatorias previamente programadas
Para asegurar la salud y la seguridad de todos nuestros pacientes y empleados durante la pandemia del coronavirus (COVID-19), estamos haciendo ajustes en algunas de nuestras citas ambulatorias. Ver actualizaciones de citas ambulatorias.
Exámenes de coronavirus virtuales gratuitos
IU Health ha lanzado una clínica virtual para ofrecer a las personas en Indiana, independientemente de la edad, evaluaciones virtuales para la detección del coronavirus (COVID-19). Ver detalles de la evaluación.
Osteosarcoma is the most common bone cancer, or tumor, in children and adolescents and the third most common childhood cancer. In the U.S., 400 new cases of osteosarcoma are diagnosed each year. Most patients are diagnosed with osteosarcoma in adolescence between the ages of 10 and 19 years old. Children below 5 years of age are rarely diagnosed with this type of cancer. Osteosarcoma occurs more frequently in males than in females.
Although tumors can occur in any bone, they most frequently occur in the long bones of the arms and legs near the ends where tissue grows, called growth plates. The most common sites are the femur (thighbone) above the knee, the fibula (shinbone) below the knee and the humerus (upper arm bone).
Other significant locations are the skull, jaw and hip bones. By the time of diagnosis, 15 to 20 percent of patients have growing tumors that have spread to the lungs or other bones.
The exact cause of osteosarcoma is unknown, and it cannot be prevented because it is a random mutation or change in the cells inside the bones. The only known environmental risk factor is exposure to radiation, as in previous radiation therapy for some other type of cancer.
About 3 to 4 percent of children with osteosarcoma carry mutations in certain genes that increase their risk for osteosarcoma. Diseases with mutations which increase the risk for osteosarcoma include:
Symptoms of osteosarcoma may appear weeks or months before it is diagnosed.
Imaging procedures are the first step in diagnosing osteosarcoma. These may include:
If imaging locates a tumor, a surgeon will take a biopsy (tissue sample) of the tumor. A pathologist (a physician who examines tissues) will then examine the cells under a microscope for signs of cancer. Once the pathologist confirms a diagnosis of osteosarcoma, an oncologist (cancer doctor) will evaluate all of the results to stage the tumor. Staging means assessing if the osteosarcoma has spread to the lungs or other bones.
Doctors at Riley at IU Health treat osteosarcoma with a combination of the following:
Visit these websites to learn more about osteosarcoma, its symptoms and treatments.
Riley at IU Health offers a broad range of supportive services to make life better for families who choose us for their children's care.
In addition to our primary hospital location at the Academic Health Center in Indianapolis, IN, we have convenient locations to better serve our communities throughout the state.
Pediatric Cancer & Blood Diseases
11700 N Meridian St
Carmel, IN 46032