Laryngomalacia (LM) occurs when a piece of soft tissue above a child’s vocal folds falls into the airway when he or she breathes in.
This condition is the most common breathing problem that is present at birth and the most common birth defect of the larynx.
Symptoms of LM include:
Doctors at Riley at IU Health may use the following exams and procedures to diagnose LM:
The majority of children with LM will require no treatment; the noisy breathing usually decreases by age 2. If your child has severe LM, the doctor may recommend a procedure called a supraglottoplasty. Performed in the operating room under surgical anesthesia, the doctor will trim the soft tissue above the vocal folds. This procedure usually helps to reduce, if not eliminate, your child’s noisy breathing. In very rare cases, subsequent surgeries may be needed.
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