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A nasal obstruction occurs when a child’s nasal cavity is partially or totally blocked. The nasal cavity begins at the nostril (opening of the nose) and ends at the back of the throat. Children can be born with a nasal obstruction when the nasal cavity does not properly form while in the womb, or it can develop later.
One specific type of nasal obstruction is nasal polyps, which are tissues that grow and project from the sinus lining and block the nasal passage. Nasal polyps are caused by chronic inflammation due to asthma, allergies, drug sensitivity or recurring infection.
Symptoms of a nasal obstruction, including nasal polyps, include:
Doctors at Riley at IU Health may use one or more of the following exams and tests to diagnose nasal polyps or any other type of nasal obstruction:
Treatment for a nasal obstruction depends on its cause and your child’s specific situation. Your child’s Riley at IU Health specialist may recommend one of the following treatments for nasal polyps:
Treatments for other types of nasal obstructions include:
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