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Congenital ear anomalies are birth defects that affect the shape and position of the ear. These conditions can involve the soft cartilage around the ear along with other structures that affect both the function and appearance of the ear. These anomalies can also cause significant social impairment.
There are several types of congenital ear anomalies; each type has different symptoms. They include:
In general, congenital ear anomalies are diagnosed through a physical exam. Based on the physical exam, hearing and language screenings may be needed. There are several types of hearing tests available to evaluate the hearing of infants and children to determine the need for a hearing aid.
Surgery is the typical treatment for congenital ear anomalies. Doctors with the Cleft & Craniofacial Anomalies Program at Riley at IU Health work closely with pediatric ear, nose and throat surgeons to address any inner ear issues that your child may have. The surgeons work with your family to create a treatment plan that meets the specific needs of your child.
Surgery is the typical treatment for congenital ear anomalies. Surgical procedures are based on the type of anomaly being treated:
The Cleft & Craniofacial Anomalies Program at Riley at IU Health strives to make treatment as convenient as possible for your family. Most of the specialists your child might need to see, such as plastic surgeons and audiologists, are available during one visit. This allows your family to make fewer trips to our facility. If necessary, your child may be referred to other pediatric experts within Riley at IU Health for additional treatment.
Visit these websites for more information on congenital ear anomalies.
Riley at IU Health offers a broad range of supportive services to make life better for families who choose us for their children's care.
This nonprofit organization provides a downloadable guide about microtia in both English and Spanish.
This specialty medical association contains detailed information on treatment for protruding ears.
Information on treatment for various types of ear anomalies is available at this professional medical society website.
This nonprofit organization provides education and support to parents of children with microtia and other craniofacial conditions.
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