Allergy-induced asthma is a breathing disorder that continues over time and is caused by the airways or breathing tubes becoming narrowed or blocked. When your child has asthma, his or her airways are extra sensitive, which makes them prone to narrowing when they are irritated by allergens.
Allergy-induced asthma is triggered by allergens. Any allergen that causes an asthma episode (also called a flare-up or attack) is called a trigger. Triggers are certain substances, allergens or events that irritate the airways and cause an asthma attack. Common allergy-induced asthma triggers include:
Exposure to any of these triggers may increase asthma symptoms and can lead to an asthma episode.
In children with allergy-induced asthma, allergens make the airways prone to inflammation, swelling, increased mucus production and tightening or constriction of the airway. These factors result in asthma symptoms such as:
If your child has allergy-induced asthma, other illnesses like the common cold or a sinus infection can make these symptoms worse.
Doctors at Riley at IU Health diagnose allergy-induced asthma by studying your child’s medical history and present symptoms, performing a physical exam and testing lung function. To make a clear diagnosis, three separate and distinct episodes of asthma with consistent symptoms must be documented. If possible, take notes about your child’s episodes and symptoms and bring them to the first appointment. Your child’s doctor may use allergy testing to help find out what allergens cause your child’s asthma symptoms.
Once diagnosed, the doctor will assign one of four severity categories: intermittent, mild, moderate or severe. These categories help doctors determine what treatment options are best to control your child’s asthma symptoms. The doctor also categorizes your child’s control of his or her asthma symptoms as well-controlled, not well-controlled or poorly controlled. How often your child visits the doctor depends on his or her severity category and level of control.
Allergy-induced asthma treatment and management includes:
Overall, the goal of asthma treatment is to make sure you and your family have an established plan that includes controlling your child’s symptoms on a daily basis, knowing how to handle an episode and keeping track of your child’s day-to-day condition so he or she can live the most normal and active life possible.
Visit the trusted websites below to learn more about allergy-induced asthma.
Riley at IU Health offers a broad range of supportive services to make life better for families who choose us for their children's care.
This resource from the doctors at Riley at IU Health explains what a peak flow meter is and how to use one.
The doctors at Riley at IU Health share ways to help your child relax during an asthma episode.
This in-depth resource from the doctors at Riley at IU Health provides step-by-step directions for using common asthma medicines.
This site provides more information about asthma diagnosis, treatment and management.
The American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology offers a wealth of information about asthma on its website.
The Asthma Alliance of Indianapolis educates, advocates and serves the community in order to improve the quality of life of people with asthma.
In addition to our primary hospital location at the Academic Health Center in Indianapolis, IN, we have convenient locations to better serve our communities throughout the state.
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