Often called hay fever or rose fever, allergic rhinitis is one of the most common allergic conditions. There are two types of allergic rhinitis: perennial (year-round) rhinitis and seasonal rhinitis.
Perennial allergic rhinitis occurs due to allergens that are present all year. These perennial allergens include:
Seasonal allergic rhinitis (sometimes referred to as seasonal allergies) occurs due to:
There is also an outdoor mold season that takes place in the typically damp month of April and from August until the second frost. These time frames apply to Indiana and may vary depending on where you live.
Allergic rhinitis can cause symptoms in your child’s nose, throat, eyes, ears and roof of the mouth.
Symptoms of allergic rhinitis include:
Children with allergic rhinitis may also clear their throats often or breathe through their mouths. Allergic rhinitis can also cause the tongue or the roof of the mouth to feel itchy. In some cases, you may notice your child making a clicking sound as he or she tries to relieve this itching by pressing the tongue against the roof of the mouth.
Many parents notice that their children are more tired than usual during allergy season. If your child has allergic rhinitis, it can affect the quality of his or her sleep.
Along with the usual physical symptoms, your child may also seem irritable or show changes in behavior during allergy season. When children are not able to explain their symptoms in words, they may begin acting up at home or school because they are frustrated.
To diagnose allergic rhinitis, a pediatric allergist will ask you questions about your child’s health history and symptoms. The doctor will also do a physical exam. Allergy testing (skin test) may be needed to learn which specific allergens are causing your child’s symptoms.
If your child is diagnosed with allergic rhinitis, his or her treatment plan may include:
Visit the trusted websites below to learn more about allergic rhinitis.
Riley at IU Health offers a broad range of supportive services to make life better for families who choose us for their children's care.
Read more about the symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of allergic rhinitis from the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.
The website of the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology provides in-depth information about allergic rhinitis along with a symptom test.
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