Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin (a hormone that helps the body use sugar for energy) or the body does not effectively use the insulin that is produced—or a combination of both. The inability to produce or use the body's insulin causes high blood sugar. In children, Type 2 diabetes often occurs around puberty.
The symptoms of Type 2 diabetes may include:
Children with Type 2 diabetes often show no symptoms of the condition. For this reason, the primary care provider must look for risk factors that can lead to Type 2 diabetes. The most common risk factors include obesity and a family history of Type 2 diabetes. A doctor can use the following blood tests to make a diagnosis:
Treatment for Type 2 diabetes includes:
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that will require lifelong treatment and management.
Visit the links below to learn more about Type 2 diabetes and discover support groups and resources.
Riley at IU Health offers a broad range of supportive services to make life better for families who choose us for their children's care.
The official website of the American Diabetes Association provides in-depth information about living with Type 2 diabetes and connects patients and families to local American Diabetes Association offices and events.
This federally-funded program is working to improve treatment and outcomes for people with diabetes and provides comprehensive resources about the condition on its website.
Our pediatric endocrinologists are involved in multiple local and national research studies for diabetes. These studies are looking for new information and treatments that will improve the lives of people with Type 2 diabetes. Many of these studies require patient and/or family participation. Your child's doctor can provide more information about eligibility and the pros and cons of participating in a research study.