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Pigmented birthmarks are present at birth or appear on a child shortly after birth. An overgrowth of cells that create pigment in skin causes the birthmarks, which are usually harmless.
There are many kinds of pigmented birthmarks. Common types include:
Symptoms of pigmented birthmarks depend on what kind of birthmark it is. Symptoms can include birthmarks that are:
Pigmented birthmarks generally do not cause health problems, but larger birthmarks, or those that may be irregular or rapidly changing, may need to be checked for early signs of skin cancer.
If your child shows signs of a pigmented birthmark, a pediatric dermatologist can perform a physical exam to make a diagnosis and look for any concerning signs.
Treatment for pigmented birthmarks usually includes monitoring the marks for changes over time. Types of treatments include:
Riley at IU Health offers a broad range of supportive services to make life better for families who choose us for their children's care.