Nail disorders are a large group of conditions that affect the appearance of fingernails and toenails. Nails can reveal a lot about your child’s health. Infections caused by bacteria, fungus or viruses, underlying conditions and inherited ailments can all cause abnormalities in the nails.
Some common causes of nail disorders are:
Many other conditions can change the nails, especially those that affect the amount of oxygen in the blood such as:
Symptoms of nail disorders depend on the specific source of the problem. Some common symptoms include:
Nails that look different can be upsetting to children and teens. If the nails are painful, this may impact the ability to perform simple tasks like holding a pencil. A dermatologist can work with you to determine the cause of your child’s nail disorder and provide the best treatment possible.
If your child shows signs of nail abnormalities, a pediatric dermatologist can perform the following exams and tests to make a diagnosis:
Medicines are available to treat nail infections and reduce symptoms. Types of medicines used to treat nail disorders include:
Visit the trusted websites below to learn more about nail disorders.
Riley at IU Health offers a broad range of supportive services to make life better for families who choose us for their children's care.