Childhood Cancer Awareness- 6 Facts About Childhood Cancer in America

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Cancer can impact even the youngest of us. According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, cancer is one of the leading causes of death for children from the age of five to 14 years old. To help increase awareness, here are six facts about childhood cancer in the United States:

  1. Common types of childhood cancer. According to the American Cancer Society, the most common types of childhood cancer are leukemia, brain and nervous system tumors, neuroblastoma, Wilms tumor and lymphoma.
  2. Improving survival rates. Survival rates for various types of childhood cancers have increased in recent years due to advances in technology and treatment. However, there is still a long way to go.
  3. Family history. Knowing if your family has a history of cancer can be essential to early prevention in children. If you, or anyone in your family has had cancer, let your child’s doctor know. This way, you can be on the look out for the signs of that cancer. Usually, early detection makes a huge difference in the treatment of childhood cancers.
  4. Causes of cancer are often unknown. According to the National Cancer Institute, while genetics play a role, the cause of many types of childhood cancer are unknown.
  5. Where are children with cancer treated? Children with cancer are often treated in special children’s cancer facilities like the Riley Cancer Center at Indiana University Health. These centers are specifically designed with the needs of children in mind.
  6. Follow up. Even when cancer treatment is completed, following-up with doctors is essential. Survivors are more vulnerable to cancer than many other people and need to be constantly vigilant throughout their lives.

For more information on childhood cancer treatment, visit the Cancer & Blood Disease Department at Riley at IU Health.

Additional Resources

  • Medline Plus. Accidents (unintentional injuries) are, by far, the leading cause of death among children and teens.
  • Types of Childhood Cancers. The types of cancers that occur most often in children are different from those seen in adults.
  • Surviving Childhood Cancer. A lot of progress has been made in treating childhood cancers in recent decades, and many of these cancers can now be cured.
  • Cancer in Children and Adolescents. Although cancer in children is rare, it is the leading cause of death by disease past infancy among children in the United States.

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